5 things you must know before exploring Dobrogea
If you are searching for a new place in Europe to explore, a region with a rich history and an impressive wild nature, Dobrogea is definetely an excellent choice. But until you decide, we will help you with a short list of 5 things you must know before exploring Dobrogea.
Dobrogea is located in the southeastern part of Romania, with the Danube River to its north & west and the Black Sea to its East. It’s the only region where the Romanian land is washed by the waves of the sea for a length of 245 kilometres, between the border with Ukraine to the north and the border with Bulgaria to the south. So yes, we can consider ourselves privileged with these great and long beaches.
2. LANDSCAPES IN DOBROGEA
Spread across an area of 15.570 square kilometres, Dobrogea prides itself with an unique feature in Europe, a ”battle” between old and new land. The Măcin Mountains formed 300-400 million years ago as a result of hercynian orogeny and are the oldest on the continent alongside the Vosgi Mountains (France) and the Scottish Mountains. By comparison, the well-known Carpathian Mountains formed 65 milion years ago along with Alps, Caucasus and Pyrenees.
Țuțuianu Peak is the highest peak in Dobrogea (467 m) and even if it has lost its former grandeur, still rises imposing near the surroundings. At no more than 50 kilometres from the old mountains is the youngest and continuously developing land of Europe, the incredible Danube Delta (only 10.000 years old). Such a paradox shows us the relief in Dobrogea!
The central and the southern part is dominated by the low altitude hills and all over the Eastern part there are a lot of lakes, the largest (from Romania) being the Razelm Lake, once a marine gulf.
3. FLORA AND FAUNA IN DANUBE DELTA
The entire region is rich in ecosystems, but when we talk about flora and fauna we have only one major milestone in our minds, the amazing wild paradise of the Danube Delta. In this exotic delta, regarded as one of the largest wetlands (2681 square kilometres), and the most extensive area of compact reed beds in the world, more than 1200 species of plants and trees, 300 species of birds and 100 species of fish have been identified. This area may thus be considered a true Noah’s Ark.
Everything here is bursting with life: the air vibrates to the wing beats of pelicans, sheldrakes, egrets, spoonbills, bald coots, and white-tailed eagles; beneath the water glint the scales of beluga, sturgeon, starlet, perch, pike, and carp; among the reeds rustle all kinds of creeping things. The Danube Delta is also a habitat for tortoises, snakes, vipers, musk rat, coypu, foxes, otters, wild boars, and raccoon dogs. Letea and Caraorman forests, part of the biosphere reserve, are the north-eastern subtropical forests in Europe, the shelter of 400-700 years secular trees. Isn’t that wow?
4. PEOPLE OF DOBROGEA
When the European Union was formed, the founders were probably inspired by the people of Dobrogea. Why are we saying that? Because on this small area of land lives in deep harmony and peace with no less than 18 different nationalities. Although most of the population (897.165 in 2011) is made up of Romanians, there are important communities of Russian-Lipovans, Ukrainians, Turkish, Tatars, Greeks, Bulgarians, Gypsies, Aromanians (Macedos), Armenians, Albanians, Germans, Italians and others. Trust us, you will be very impressed by the incredible multi-ethnic mosaic.
5. HOW TO GET IN DOBROGEA
The easiest option is to fly to Bucharest, the capital of Romania being connected to Europe by a bunch of flights. Constanța is the largest city of Dobrogea with a population of 283.872 in 2011 and it’s linked with Bucharest by the A2 highway (203 km length). Constanța is the most important port on the Black Sea and has an airport operational especially during the summer season thanks to Blue Air’s flights.
Tulcea, the main gateway to the Danube Delta, is the largest town from the northern region with its 73.707 population and it’s linked with Constanța by E87, a spectacular european road (137 km lenght). Tulcea is the last major river port before Danube divides into the three main branches (Chilia – north, Sulina – central, Saint George – south) after which it flows into the Black Sea and also has a small airport that serves especially for a few private and charter flights.